West Nile virus infection

  • Infection affecting the entire body
  • Symptoms may include headache, fever, muscle weakness and in severe infections may also include tremors, convulsions, confusion or paralysis
  • Caused by the West Nile virus
  • Spread through bite of infected mosquitoes
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age
  • May be mild to severe
  • Can be life threatening

FOR DIARRHEA

  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Home oral rehydration solution (ORS):
    • Six (6) level teaspoons of Sugar
    • Half (1/2) level teaspoon of Salt
    • 1 L (5 cupful’s) of clean drinking or boiled water and then cooled
  • Eat the BRAT diet (Bananas, Rice, Apple sauce, Toast)
  • If accompanied by nausea, suck on small pieces of ice (not small enough to choke on!)
  • Avoid strenuous exercise
  • Over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendation for dosage):
    • Loperamide
    • Bismuth subsalicylate

 

FOR FEVER

  • Apply cool cloth to forehead or armpits
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee as these drinks can cause slight dehydration
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen
    • Aspirin (Do not give to children or adolescents)

 

FOR ITCHING

  • Avoid items or situations that cause you to itch
  • Moisturize daily
  • Use creams, lotions or gels that soothe and cool the skin
  • Avoid scratching
  • Cut fingernails short, and consider wearing gloves at night to prevent scratching
  • Use mild, fragrance free soap and laundry detergent
  • Cover area with cold wet bandages or take a cool bath
  • Over-the-counter medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Hydrocortisone cream
    • Diphenhydramine

 

FOR NAUSEA

  • Drink clear or ice-cold drinks (avoid drinks high in sugar)
  • Eat light, bland foods (crackers or plain bread)
  • Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods
  • Eat slowly and eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Do not mix hot and cold foods
  • Avoid activity after eating
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Diphenhydramine
    • Cyclizine
    • Dimenhydrinate
    • Meclizine

 

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

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