Encephalitis, general

  • Inflammation of the brain
  • Symptoms may include fever, headache, change in personality or mental status, light sensitivity and may develop neck stiffness
  • Can have similar symptoms as meningitis
  • Most often caused by different types of viruses but can also be due to bacteria or parasite infections
  • Commonly spread by breathing in infected droplets from the air, contact with contaminated food and water or through blood transfusions
  • May also be spread through a bite from an infected animal or insect such as ticks and mosquitoes
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but more severe in infants and the elderly
  • May be mild to severe depending on virus and may result in long-term symptoms
  • Life threatening if left untreated

  • Rest
  • Increase your fluid intake
  • Maintain a healthy diet

 

FOR FEVER

  • Apply cool cloth to forehead or armpits
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee as these drinks can cause slight dehydration
    • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen
    • Aspirin (Do not give to children or adolescents)

 

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

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