Back pain | 2 min read

Back pain can be a result of injury, activity, and some medical conditions. Acute pain starts suddenly and lasts for up to 6 weeks. Chronic or long-term pain develops over a more extended period, lasts for over three months, and causes ongoing problems.

Back pain may be caused by

Structural problems:
Such as ruptured or bulging disks, sciatica, arthritis, osteoporosis, or an abnormal curvature of the spine.

Caused by muscle tension or spasm, lifting heavy items, and making an abrupt or awkward movement or injury.

Bones, including the spine’s vertebrae, become brittle and porous, making compression fractures more likely.

Kidney problems: 
Kidney stones or kidney infections can cause back pain.

Everyday activities:
Such as over-stretching, standing, or sitting for long periods, straining the neck forward, driving or using a computer, sleeping on a mattress that does not support the body and keeping the spine straight, wearing high heels, overloading your bag, smoking.

Medical conditions:
Some medical conditions can lead to back pain, such as:

  • Cauda equina syndrome: The cauda equine is a bundle of spinal nerve roots that arise from the lower end of the spinal cord. Symptoms include a dull pain in the lower back and upper buttocks and numbness in the buttocks, genitalia, and thighs. There are sometimes bowel and bladder function disturbances.
  • Cancer of the spine: A tumour on the spine may press against a nerve, resulting in back pain.
  • Infection of the spine: A fever and a tender, warm area on the back could be due to an infection of the spine.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease, bladder, or kidney infections.
  • Sleep disorders: Individuals with sleep disorders are more likely to experience back pain compared with others.
  • Shingles: A condition that can affect the nerves may lead to back pain, depending on which nerves are affected.

Risk factors:
Factors linked to a higher risk of back pain include:

  • Occupational activities
  • Pregnancy
  • A sedentary lifestyle & poor physical fitness
  • Older age
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Genetic factors

When to see a doctor:
Seek medical attention if you experience back pain after an injury or experience any numbness, weakness, tingling in your legs, or back pain that does not improve with rest. 


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