What is Endometriosis

What causes endometriosis? | 1 min read

The following conditions may cause endometriosis:

  • Problems with the menstrual period flow. Heavy menstrual flow is the most likely cause of endometriosis, where tissue shed during the period flows through the fallopian tube into other body areas, such as the pelvis.
  • Genetic factors. Endometriosis can be inherited in the genes as it runs in families.
  • Stress. Clinical studies indicate that endometriosis is associated with high levels of chronic stress.
  • Immune system problems. A problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognise and destroy endometrial-like tissue growing outside the uterus.
  • Hormones. The hormone oestrogen appears to promote endometriosis. 
  • Surgery. During surgery to the abdominal area, such as a Cesarean (C-section) or hysterectomy, endometrial tissue could be picked up and moved by mistake.

Endometriosis explained

Endometriosis is a painful condition that occurs when tissue similar to the uterus lining (womb) grows outside of the uterus. This condition involves the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvis and severely impacts women’s quality of life. 

What are the four types of endometrioses?

  • Superficial peritoneal endometriosis
  • Endometriomas 
  • Deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) 
  • Abdominal wall endometriosis


  • Agarwal, S.K., Chapron, C., Giudice, L.C., Laufer, M.R., Leyland, N., Missmer, S.A., Singh, S.S. and Taylor, H.S. 2019. Clinical diagnosis of endometriosis: a call to action. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology.
  • Ferrero, S., Evangelisti, G. and Barra, F. 2018. Current and emerging treatment options for endometriosis. Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy.

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