Scarlet fever

  • Bacterial infection causing symptoms like a bright rash from neck down, strawberry tongue, high fever and swollen glands in the neck
  • Caused by bacterial infection that releases toxins
  • Spread by breathing infected droplets in the air or contact with contaminated objects
  • Affects males and females, more common in geographically warmer temperatures
  • Can occur at any age but most common in children
  • May be mild to severe
  • Complications can become life threatening if left untreated

FOR FEVER

  • Apply cool cloth to forehead or armpits
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee as these drinks can cause slight dehydration
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen
    • Aspirin (Do not give to children or adolescents)

  • FOR ITCHING
  • Avoid items or situations that cause you to itch
  • Moisturize daily
  • Use creams, lotions or gels that soothe and cool the skin
  • Avoid scratching
  • Cut fingernails short, and consider wearing gloves at night to prevent scratching
  • Use mild, fragrance free soap and laundry detergent
  • Cover area with cold wet bandages or take a cool bath
  • Over-the-counter medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Hydrocortisone cream
    • Diphenhydramine

 

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

 

FOR SORE THROAT

  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Use a humidifier
  • Use saltwater, gargle several times a day (½ – 1 teaspoon of salt to 250 ml/1 glass of warm water)
  • Suck on throat lozenges, hard candy, or popsicles
  • Over-the-counter pain medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage)
    • Acetaminophen

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