Rhinitis, allergic

  • Inflammatory reaction affecting the nose and sinus lining to allergens
  • Symptoms may include nasal congestion, sneezing, redness and swelling of the nose and eyes, itching of the eyes, nose and ear canals, and other allergy symptoms
  • Often associated with other conditions such as sinus infections and asthma
  • Caused by exposure to an allergen in the air
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but usually most severe in children, adolescents and young adults
  • May be mild to severe
  • May affect quality of life
  • Not life threatening

GENERAL THERAPY

  • Avoid or reduce contact with allergens
  • Vacuum and dust regularly
  • Maintain low humidity
  • Close windows at night
  • Stay inside when pollen count is high

 

MEDICATIONS

Allergy medicines:

  • Corticosteroids
  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Nasal saline
  • Eye drops

 

ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

Herbal:

  • Butterbur
  • Cat’s claw
  • Choline
  • Goldenseal
  • Stinging nettle
  • Belladonna
  • Bromelain

 

PRECAUTIONS AND AVOIDANCES

  • Avoid known triggers
  • Keep a symptom diary
  • If you have severe allergic reactions, wear a medical alert bracelet or necklace
  • Dust regularly
  • Wash bed linens and stuffed toys in hot water
  • Restrict pets to certain areas
  • Control molds; clean showers and tubs regularly
  • Have hardwood flooring instead of carpet
  • Limit outdoor activity and wear mask if damp weather
  • Avoid starting allergy shots if you’re pregnant

 

SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IF:

  • Allergies are making work or school more difficult
  • You are Pregnant
  • You have pain in sinus area, fever, discharge from nose, or ear pain
  • Symptoms appear to get worse
  • Home treatment does not help
  • A cough or cold lasting more than 2 weeks
  • Severe itching of eyes or nose
  • Side effects to over the counter medicines

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