Meningitis, bacterial acute

  • Sudden onset of infection and inflammation of the lining surrounding the brain and spinal cord due to bacteria
  • Symptoms may include neck and back stiffness, fever, head pain and confusion
  • Depending on the bacteria involved, may be spread by breathing in infected droplets from the air, ingesting contaminated food or contact with contaminated oral secretions
  • Infection can travel to the brain through the blood or from local infections such as from the ear or sinus
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age
  • May be life threatening if left untreated

FOR FEVER

  • Apply cool cloth to forehead or armpits
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee as these drinks can cause slight dehydration
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen
    • Aspirin (Do not give to children or adolescents)

 

FOR NAUSEA

  • Drink clear or ice-cold drinks (avoid drinks high in sugar)
  • Eat light, bland foods (crackers or plain bread)
  • Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods
  • Eat slowly and eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Do not mix hot and cold foods
  • Avoid activity after eating
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Diphenhydramine
    • Cyclizine
    • Dimenhydrinate
    • Meclizine

 

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

 

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