Meningitis, acute viral

  • Inflammation of the lining surrounding the brain and spinal cord
  • Symptoms may include sudden onset of neck stiffness and pain, headache, fever and confusion
  • Can have similar symptoms as viral encephalitis
  • Caused by various viruses
  • Commonly spread by infected animals and insects, breathing in infected droplets from the air, ingesting contaminated food and water or sexual contact
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but more common in young children and infants
  • May be severe but usually resolves with treatment in healthy individuals
  • May be life threatening for neonates or those with a weakened immune system

Rest

 

FOR FEVER

  • Apply cool cloth to forehead or armpits
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee as these drinks can cause slight dehydration
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen
    • Aspirin (Do not give to children or adolescents)

 

FOR NAUSEA

  • Drink clear or ice-cold drinks (avoid drinks high in sugar)
  • Eat light, bland foods (crackers or plain bread)
  • Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods
  • Eat slowly and eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Do not mix hot and cold foods
  • Avoid activity after eating
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Diphenhydramine
    • Cyclizine
    • Dimenhydrinate
    • Meclizine

 

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

Schedule an Appointment

If you are not feeling well or are uncertain about a healthcare condition, see a doctor. It could save your life.

More Conditions

Schedule an Appointment

If you are not feeling well or are uncertain about a healthcare condition, see a doctor. It could save your life.

Whats new