Hypercalcemia

  • Condition in which there are abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood
  • May affect the entire body
  • Symptoms may include tiredness, irritability, depression, excessive increase in urine output and bone pain
  • Caused most often by an overactive parathyroid gland or cancer
  • Can also be related to some medications and conditions such as tuberculosis and leprosy
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but more common in older adults
  • May be mild to severe depending on the cause

  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid smoking

 

FOR CONSTIPATION

  • Eat more fiber (1 tablespoon of raw bran with plenty of water at each meal)
  • Increase exercise (30 minutes per day)
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Over-the-counter laxative medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Bulk forming laxatives
    • Stool softeners (emollient laxatives)
    • Lubricant laxatives
    • Stimulant laxatives
    • Saline laxatives
    • Enemas and suppositories

 

FOR NAUSEA

  • Drink clear or ice-cold drinks (avoid drinks high in sugar)
  • Eat light, bland foods (crackers or plain bread)
  • Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods
  • Eat slowly and eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Do not mix hot and cold foods
  • Avoid activity after eating
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Diphenhydramine
    • Cyclizine
    • Dimenhydrinate
    • Meclizine

 

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

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