Human immunodeficiency virus infection-acquired immune deficiency

  • Viral infection that results in a weakened immunity that may affect the entire body
  • Symptoms may include fever, weight loss, cough and lymphadenopathy
  • Commonly spread by sexual contact with an infected person, contact with infected blood or through sharing infected needles
  • Can be transmitted from mother to infant during pregnancy or childbirth
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age
  • Infection over time progresses to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • May be mild without symptoms to severe depending on the progression of the disease
  • May become life threatening

  • Avoid smoking, alcohol and drugs
  • Maintain a healthy diet; increase your intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grain and lean protein
  • Avoid unpasteurized foods and raw foods such as sushi, eggs and oysters
  • Get adequate sleep
  • Exercise regularly
  • Drink only purified water
  • Decrease your level of stress where possible. Don’t be afraid to ask for help
  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Use safe sex practices

 

FOR COUGH

  • Increase fluids (especially water)
  • Suck on cough drops or hard sweets (candy)
  • Use a cool air humidifier in room
  • Avoid lung irritants such as smoke, household cleaners or allergens
  • Over-the-counter cough medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Guaifenesin
    • Dextromethorphan

 

FOR DIARRHEA

  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Home oral rehydration solution (ORS):
    • Six (6) level teaspoons of Sugar
    • Half (1/2) level teaspoon of Salt
    • 1 L (5 cupful’s) of clean drinking or boiled water and then cooled
  • Eat the BRAT diet (Bananas, Rice, Apple sauce, Toast)
  • If accompanied by nausea, suck on small pieces of ice (not small enough to choke on!)
  • Avoid strenuous exercise
  • Over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendation for dosage):
    • Loperamide
    • Bismuth subsalicylate

 

FOR FEVER

  • Apply cool cloth to forehead or armpits
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee as these drinks can cause slight dehydration
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen
    • Aspirin (Do not give to children or adolescents)

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