Gastroenteritis, non-bloody

  • Inflammation of the stomach and intestines
  • Symptoms may include diarrhea and abdominal pain
  • Caused most often by a bacterium but may be due to various types of viruses
  • Commonly spread by contact with contaminated food and water, eating under cooked meat products or by contact with infected person
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age
  • May be mild with few symptoms to severe and life threatening

GENERAL THERAPY

  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Rest
  • Wash hands frequently
  • Stay away from anyone who has the virus
  • Prepare and store food properly

 

DIET

Dehydration for children:

  • “rehydration” solutions containing electrolytes
  • 24 hours after not vomiting, encourage soft, bland foods into diet; bananas, rice, applesauce, toast, pasta, potatoes (avoid sugar containing foods or drinks)

 

Dehydration in adults:

  • Encourage sugar-free drinks, non-dairy liquids
  • 24 hours after not vomiting, encourage soft, bland foods

 

PRECAUTIONS AND AVOIDANCES

  • Avoid taking medicine by mouth if possible
  • Avoid spicy fat foods, dairy products, caffeine, alcohol and nicotine
  • Plain water, fizzy drinks, tea, fruit juice, or sports drinks will not replace electrolytes
  • Children under 2 years should be given 30-100 ml (or 1-3 ounces) of fluids after each stool
  • Children over 2 years should drink 100-250 ml (or 3-8 ounces) of fluid
  • World Health Organization recommends:
    • Mix 2 tablespoons of sugar (or honey) with ¼ teaspoon of table salt and ¼ teaspoon of baking soda. (Baking soda can be substituted with ¼ teaspoon of table salt.) Mix in 1 liter (1 qt) of clean or previously boiled water.
    • Prepare and store food properly
    • Avoid raw foods and undercooked meat or fish

 

SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IF:

  • Dizzy when standing, weak, sleepy or confused (dehydration)
  • Vomiting blood or blood in stools
  • Vomiting for more than 48 hours
  • Fever higher than 38 ºC (100 ºF)
  • Abdominal pain or swelling

 

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