Diphtheria

  • Bacterial infection most commonly affecting the mucous membranes of the nose and throat
  • Symptoms may include throat pain and gray colored coating on the throat and tonsils
  • Can occur as an active infection with symptoms but a person without symptoms can still carry the infection
  • Commonly spread by breathing in infected droplets from the air, contact with nasal or oral secretions or contaminated wound drainage
  • Spread easily in overcrowding and poor living conditions
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age
  • May be mild to severe
  • Life threatening if left untreated

  • Get plenty of rest
  • Stay at home and wash your hands regularly

 

FOR FEVER

  • Apply cool cloth to forehead or armpits
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee as these drinks can cause slight dehydration
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen
    • Aspirin (Do not give to children or adolescents)

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

 

FOR SORE THROAT

  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Use a humidifier
  • Use saltwater, gargle several times a day (½ – 1 teaspoon of salt to 250 ml/1 glass of warm water)
  • Suck on throat lozenges, hard candy, or popsicles
  • Over-the-counter pain medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage)
    • Acetaminophen

 

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