Sunburn

  • Over exposure to sunlight causing damage to the skin
  • Symptoms may include redness, tenderness, pain and blistering when severe
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females but more common in those with lighter skin
  • Can occur at any age but more common in children
  • May be mild to severe

GENERAL THERAPY:

  • Cold compress to affected area
  • Take cool baths or showers
  • Increase fluid intake
  • Apply Aloe Vera or an After-Sun lotion to area
  • While skin is peeling continue to use moisturizer

 

Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):

  • Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NASIDs)

 

PRECAUTIONS AND AVOIDANCES

  • Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers
  • Do not break blisters open
  • If you need to break blister, clean needle with rubbing alcohol or soap and water, then gently puncture edge of blister, press fluid out and, wash and dry area.
  • Do not remove flap of skin covering blister
  • Avoid sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. even on cloudy days
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Use sunscreen frequently with SPF of 30 or higher
  • Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going out, and reapply every 2 hours or after swimming or sweating
  • Avoid sun tanning booths, they also cause skin damage
  • Wear sunglasses with 99-100% UV light protection
  • Use lip balm or cream to protect lips
  • If you need sunscreen and insect repellent, do not use a combined product, use sunscreen first then the repellent, reapply sunscreen as needed

 

SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IF:

  • A large portion of body has blisters
  • You have a high fever, extreme pain, confusion, nausea and chills
  • Increased pain, swelling or tenderness
  • Drainage from an open blister that is yellow
  • Red streaks going away from open blister
  • The burn does not respond to at-home care in a few days
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Sunburn that does not improve in a few days with home treatment

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