Rosacea

  • Persistent skin condition affecting blood vessels, hair follicles and oil glands on the central portion of the face
  • Symptoms may include facial redness, nasal swelling, pimple like eruptions and dilated blood vessels.
  • Cause unknown but may involve hereditary factors, increase in blood vessels and blood flow to face, high temperature exposure, medications or consumption of alcohol or spicy foods
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females but more common in females and more severe in males
  • Can occur at any age but most often in adults after age 30 years
  • May be mild to severe
  • May progress to major disfigurement without proper treatment

GENERAL THERAPY

  • No known cure
  • Worsens if left untreated
  • Flare-ups can occur for periods of weeks or months, then lessens up
  • Avoid touching or rubbing face
  • Use gentle soap or cleansers when washing problem areas
  • Use sunscreen everyday with protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more, that contains UVA, UVB
  • For eye care, warm compresses several times a day and use products made for eyes to wash eyelids
  • Use of cosmetics with a green-colored base can help mask the redness

 

Over-the-counter medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):

  • Artificial tears

 

PRECAUTIONS AND AVOIDANCES

  • Avoid skin care products that contain alcohol or any other irritants
  • Cover face with scarf or mask during winter months
  • Apply moisturizer after facial medicine has dried
  • Avoid getting overheated
  • Limit drinking alcohol, eating spicy foods and hot drinks
  • Avoid hot tubs, and saunas
  • Avoid midday sun
  • Wear wide brimmed hat when out in sun
  • Limit stress
  • Limit exercise to shorter, more frequent low intensity workouts during cool mornings
  • Use only products labeled noncomedogenic
  • Keep a diary of what triggers a flare-up (Extreme temps, sun exposure, spicy foods, stress, alcohol, exercise, skin care products)
  • Wash daily with gentle cleaners
  • Use skin products that are oil-free, and water based

 

SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IF:

  • Facial red patches that come and go
  • Eye redness or irritations
  • Thick bumps on nose that are red and look like blisters
  • Small red lines on face and redness with pimples

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