Hypertension, essential

  • High blood pressure without a particular cause
  • Symptoms include increased blood pressure, headache and blurred vision
  • Cause unknown but may be related to salt intake and other factors affecting the blood vessels and heart
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females
  • May occur at any age but more common in older adults
  • May be mild without symptoms to severe and life threatening

  • Decrease intake of saturated fats, red meat, and sweets
  • Increase fruits and vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods
  • Increase whole grains, fish, poultry, and nuts
  • Eat foods rich in magnesium, potassium, and calcium
  • Decrease salt intake
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Increase physical activity to 30 minutes a day
  • Limit alcohol
  • Stop smoking
  • Reduce stress with relaxation techniques such as yoga and deep breathing
  • Monitor blood pressure at home

Schedule an Appointment

If you are not feeling well or are uncertain about a healthcare condition, see a doctor. It could save your life.

More Conditions

Schedule an Appointment

If you are not feeling well or are uncertain about a healthcare condition, see a doctor. It could save your life.

Whats new