Hepatitis B, acute

  • Infection caused by hepatitis B virus of less than 6 months duration
  • Affects the liver
  • Symptoms may include dark urine, yellow coloring of the skin and eyes, tiredness, nausea and vomiting and right upper abdominal pain
  • Commonly spread by sexual contact with infected person or contact with infected blood
  • Can also be spread from mother to infant during childbirth
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but infants are at highest risk to develop long-term disease
  • May be mild without symptoms to severe

  • If exposed, get hepatitis B immune globulin within 24 hours
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid any medicines that cause liver damage
  • Eat small, frequent meals early in the day
  • Maintain a healthy diet
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Exercise regularly
  • Practice safe sex
  • Do not share needles or syringes
  • Be cautious of blood products

 

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

 

FOR NAUSEA

  • Drink clear or ice-cold drinks (avoid drinks high in sugar)
  • Eat light, bland foods (crackers or plain bread)
  • Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods
  • Eat slowly and eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Do not mix hot and cold foods
  • Avoid activity after eating
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Diphenhydramine
    • Cyclizine
    • Dimenhydrinate
    • Meclizine

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