Hemorrhoid

  • Condition that occurs when veins in the anal area become enlarged
  • Affects internal or external veins
  • Symptoms may include constipation, bright red blood in the stool, anal pain and itching
  • Caused most often as a result of increased pressure on the rectal area such as during pregnancy, obesity, chronic diarrhea, poor posture or may be hereditary
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but more common in middle age adults
  • May appear suddenly or persist over long-term and may recur

  • Keep anal area clean
  • Soak in warm bath or sitz bath several times a day (a warm, shallow bath that cleanses the perineum)
  • Apply ice packs or cold compresses to area
  • Apply petroleum jelly inside the anus to allow stool to pass less painfully
  • Apply witch hazel on irritated hemorrhoids to reduce pain
  • Increase high fiber foods
  • Increase fluid intake
  • Limit salt intake
  • Avoid using dry toilet paper
  • Avoid straining
  • Avoid standing for long periods of time
  • Avoid sitting for long periods
  • Have bowel movement when urge is felt

 

Over-the-counter medicines for pain (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):

  • Acetaminophen
  • Ibuprofen
  • Hydrocortisone cream
  • Diphenhydramine
  • AVOID Aspirin and Ibuprofen

 

SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IF:

  • You have bleeding with bowel movements
  • You have black, tarry stools, or blood clots
  • You have a change in bowel habits
  • Your hemorrhoids cause pain
  • Your hemorrhoids don’t improve with home treatment

 

SEEK EMERGENCY MEDICAL ATTENTION IF:

  • You have a large amount of rectal bleeding, dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness

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