Hemolytic uremic syndrome

  • Condition that results in kidney failure, anemia and low platelets
  • May affect the entire body
  • Symptoms may include diarrhea, pinpoint purplish spots on the skin, swelling and a decrease in urine output
  • Cause may be unknown but often follows a bacterial or viral infection or may be due to certain medications
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but more common in toddler and school age children
  • Can be life threatening without prompt treatment especially in adults and older children

FOR DIARRHEA

  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Home oral rehydration solution (ORS):
    • Six (6) level teaspoons of Sugar
    • Half (1/2) level teaspoon of Salt
    • 1 L (5 cupful’s) of clean drinking or boiled water and then cooled
  • Eat the BRAT diet (Bananas, Rice, Apple sauce, Toast)
  • If accompanied by nausea, suck on small pieces of ice (not small enough to choke on!)
  • Avoid strenuous exercise
  • Over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendation for dosage):
    • Loperamide
    • Bismuth subsalicylate

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

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If you are not feeling well or are uncertain about a healthcare condition, see a doctor. It could save your life.

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