Diabetes mellitus, type 1

  • Long-term disorder that affects the ability of the pancreas to secrete insulin
  • May affect the entire body
  • Symptoms initially may not be noticeable but may include eating abnormally large amounts of food, excessive urination, increased thirst, weight loss and fatigue
  • Caused often by an interaction of hereditary and environmental factors that result in the destruction of insulin cells
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but more common in children
  • May be mild to severe requiring life-long insulin replacement therapy
  • May become life threatening with complications if left untreated

  • Monitor blood sugar regularly
  • Maintain a healthy diet and weight
  • Exercise regularly (at least 30 minutes per day)
  • Decrease your level of stress where possible. Don’t be afraid to ask for help
  • Wash feet daily and dry well
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol

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If you are not feeling well or are uncertain about a healthcare condition, see a doctor. It could save your life.

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