Dermatitis, seborrheic

  • Skin disorder that most often affects the scalp, face, trunk, groin and under the arms
  • Symptoms may include greasy yellow scaled lesions on the skin
  • Cause unknown
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females but more severe in males
  • Can occur at any age
  • May be mild to severe
  • Not life threatening

General therapy

Scalp treatment:

  • Shampoo daily until symptoms are under controlled, then only to 2 or 3 times a week
  • Alternate between different shampoos
  • Use according to label

 

Cradle cap:

  • Wash baby’s hair daily with mild baby shampoo using a soft-bristled brush to loosen scales before rinsing off shampoo
  • May need to apply a few drops of mineral oil to baby’s scalp, rub in, let soak a few minutes, then brush and shampoo as usual

 

Non-scalp treatment:

  • Avoid potent soaps or detergents
  • Rinse soap off completely
  • Wear cotton clothes with smooth textures
  • Avoid scratching

 

Over-the-counter medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):

Scalp (Medicated shampoo containing)

  • Ketoconazole
  • Tar
  • Pyrithione zinc
  • Selenium sulfide
  • Salicylic acid

 

Non scalp

  • Antifungal creams – Clotrimazole (Lotrimin)
  • Anti-itch creams

 

SEEK MEDICAL CARE IF

  • You’re uncomfortable or losing sleep
  • Skin is painful
  • Suspect infection
  • Scalp
    • Using shampoo for several weeks and still experiencing the problem
    • Cradle cap is persistent or severe

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