Bunion

  • Enlargement of the big toe
  • Affects the foot
  • Symptoms may include inward displacement of the big toe toward the other toes, joint pain and swelling
  • Cause may be due to abnormal formation of the big toe or wearing tight shoes which can
  • cause malformation resulting in bunions
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females but more common in females
  • Can occur at any age but more common in elderly
  • May be mild to severe if complications develop

GENERAL THERAPY

  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide room for your toes
  • Apply a non-medicated pad around the bony bump on foot
  • Arch support or shoe inserts can help to reduce the pressure
  • Custom made support pads placed behind the big toe help to redistribute weight
  • Apply ice pack to bunion 2 or 3 times a day for 10 to 20 minutes to reduce swelling
  • Keep the foot on a pedestal or stool to raise it higher than the level of the heart
  • Over-the-counter medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID’s)

 

PRECAUTIONS AND AVOIDANCES

  • Avoid high heeled or tight shoes
  • Avoid activities that put pressure on the toes
  • Shoes should fit to shape of foot without pressure

 

SEEK MEDICAL CARE IF

  • There is severe pain in big toe that interferes with walking
  • The pain is not better in 2 to 3 weeks of home treatment
  • The skin is broken or red

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If you are not feeling well or are uncertain about a healthcare condition, see a doctor. It could save your life.

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