Ascariasis

  • Infestation of roundworms that may affect the entire body
  • Symptoms may include worms in stool or vomitus, dry or persistent cough and stomach pain
  • Caused by a worm infestation
  • Spread by ingesting the worm’s eggs through contaminated food or soil
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but more severe in children
  • May be mild to severe depending on the amount of eggs ingested

FOR COUGH

  • Increase fluids (especially water)
  • Suck on cough drops or hard sweets (candy)
  • Use a cool air humidifier in room
  • Avoid lung irritants such as smoke, household cleaners or allergens
  • Over-the-counter cough medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Guaifenesin
    • Dextromethorphan

 

FOR DIARRHEA

  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Home oral rehydration solution (ORS):
    • Six (6) level teaspoons of sugar
    • Half (1/2) level teaspoon of salt
    • 1 ℓ (5 cupful’s) of clean drinking or boiled water and then cooled
  • Eat the BRAT diet (Bananas, Rice, Apple sauce, Toast)
  • If accompanied by nausea, suck on small pieces of ice (not small enough to choke on!)
  • Avoid strenuous exercise
  • Over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendation for dosage):
    • Loperamide
    • Bismuth subsalicylate

 

FOR NAUSEA

  • Drink clear or ice-cold drinks (avoid drinks high in sugar)
  • Eat light, bland foods (crackers or plain bread)
  • Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods
  • Eat slowly and eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Do not mix hot and cold foods
  • Avoid activity after eating
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Diphenhydramine
    • Cyclizine
    • Dimenhydrinate
    • Meclizine

 

FOR PAIN

  • Apply hot or cold packs to the area
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Distraction
  • Over-the-counter medicine (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Acetaminophen
    • Ibuprofen

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