Anal fissure

  • Tear or split in the anus
  • Symptoms may include anal pain and bloody stools
  • Cause unknown but may be related to previous anal surgery or injury from hard stools
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females
  • Can occur at any age but more common in middle age adults
  • Can be mild to severe depending on the size and depth of the tear
  • May heal with little or no treatment but can become long-term in some cases
  • Not life threatening

Soak in a warm bath 2 to 3 times a day

FOR CONSTIPATION

  • Eat more fiber (1 tablespoon of raw bran with plenty of water at each meal)
  • Increase exercise (30 minutes per day)
  • Drink plenty of fluids (especially water)
  • Over-the-counter laxative medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Bulk forming laxatives
    • Stool softeners (emollient laxatives)
    • Lubricant laxatives
    • Stimulant laxatives
    • Saline laxatives
    • Enemas and suppositories

FOR ITCHING

  • Avoid items or situations that cause you to itch
  • Moisturize daily
  • Use creams, lotions or gels that soothe and cool the skin
  • Avoid scratching
  • Cut fingernails short, and consider wearing gloves at night to prevent scratching
  • Use mild, fragrance free soap and laundry detergent
  • Cover area with cold wet bandages or take a cool bath
  • Over-the-counter medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Hydrocortisone cream
    • Diphenhydramine

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