Acne vulgaris

  • Skin condition due to excess oil production
  • Most commonly occurs on the face, chest and back
  • Symptoms may include blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and skin redness
  • Cause often due to overgrowth of cells in hair roots, high hormone levels, oily skin or common bacterial infections
  • Cannot be spread from person to person
  • Affects males and females but more common in women
  • Can occur at any age but most common in teenagers
  • May be mild with few pimples to severe with scarring
  • May affect quality of life

GENERAL THERAPY

  • Wash face or affected areas gently 2 times a day
  • Do not squeeze pimples
  • Use water-based skin care products
  • Shampoo hair frequently for acne at hairline
  • Keep hands and hair off your face
  • Over-the-counter medicines (refer to manufacturer’s recommendations for dosage):
    • Benzoyl peroxide
    • Alpha-hydroxy acid
    • Salicylic acid

 

PRECAUTIONS AND AVOIDANCES

  • Avoid products such as milky cleaners, cold creams, lipsticks and lip gloss that contain oil
  • Avoid heavy foundation makeup
  • Choose powder makeup over cream makeup, which is less irritating
  • Throw out old makeup, clean brushes and applicators regularly
  • Remove makeup before going to bed
  • Avoid wearing tight fitting clothing
  • Shower after exercising or strenuous activity

 

SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IF:

  • Acne doesn’t improve with treatment after 6 to 8 weeks
  • You have scars after acne heals
  • Pimples become large and hard or filled with fluid
  • You have been exposed to chemicals, oils, or other environmental factors that cause your skin to break out
  • You have a strong family history of acne
  • You are emotionally bothered by the acne
  • Developed acne at an early age

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